Career Outlook dot US
 Take a Career Interest Assessment
Select one or more of the above and then select the button.

Select an occupation below to see more details about that occupation. Select a column heading to sort the table by that column.

Investigative career interests, in The United States

occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians17-3021.00RICAssociate0.3511,400$39,560$68,620
Aerospace Engineers17-2011.00IRBachelor-0.2372,500$67,850$110,570
Agricultural Engineers17-2021.00IREBachelor0.342,900$47,490$78,490
Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary25-1041.00SIRDoctorate0.5812,100$46,680$95,280
Anesthesiologists29-1061.00IRSProfess.2.1133,700$142,590$258,100
Animal Scientists19-1011.00IRBachelor1.032,900$37,830$71,830
Anthropologists and Archeologists19-3091.00IAMaster0.397,700$35,440$64,290
Archivists25-4011.00CIMaster0.726,900$30,430$53,880
Astronomers19-2011.00IARDoctorate01,900$52,460$110,220
Atmospheric and Space Scientists19-2021.00IRBachelor0.9311,800$50,630$90,210
Biochemists and Biophysicists19-1021.00IARDoctorate0.8234,100$44,640$93,390
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary25-1042.00SIDoctorate1.6364,300$41,170$86,830
Biologists19-1020.01IR***$41,230$79,610
Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians29-2031.00RISAssociate2.2152,000$28,420$56,100
Chemical Engineers17-2041.00IRBachelor0.1734,300$59,470$103,960
Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary25-1052.00SIRDoctorate1.5426,600$41,800$86,070
Chemists19-2031.00IRCBachelor0.2691,100$41,110$77,860
Chiropractors29-1011.00SIRProfess.1.7545,200$31,310$78,370
Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists19-3031.00ISDoctorate1.97155,300$40,920$76,040
Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists13-1141.00CEBachelor0.484,700$38,370$65,100
Computer Hardware Engineers17-2061.00IRCBachelor0.3177,700$65,570$114,970
Computer Network Architects15-1143.00ICRBachelor0.87146,200$56,230$103,100
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Computer Programmers15-1131.00ICBachelor-0.8328,600$44,450$84,360
Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary25-1021.00SICDoctorate0.8843,400$37,570$84,700
Computer Systems Analysts15-1121.00ICRBachelor2.09567,800$51,910$90,180
Conservation Scientists19-1031.00IRBachelor0.6621,100$37,380$63,800
Database Administrators15-1141.00CIBachelor1.12120,000$45,460$84,250
Dentists, General29-1021.00IRSProfess.1.81129,000$68,310$172,350
Dietitians and Nutritionists29-1031.00ISBachelor1.6366,700$35,240$58,410
Economists19-3011.00ICEMaster0.5621,500$52,540$109,230
Electrical Engineers17-2071.00IRBachelor0.1178,400$59,240$97,340
Electronics Engineers, Except Computer17-2072.00IRBachelor-0.14137,400$63,430$102,390
Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary25-1032.00SIRDoctorate1.346,000$46,460$104,220
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health19-4091.00IRCAssociate0.9436,200$26,890$46,540
Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health19-2041.00IRCMaster1.0894,600$40,350$73,930
Epidemiologists19-1041.00ISMaster0.525,800$46,130$76,900
Family and General Practitioners29-1062.00ISProfess.1.02139,800$65,630$192,120
Financial Analysts13-2051.00CIEBachelor1.17277,600$49,450$95,320
Food Scientists and Technologists19-1012.00IRCBachelor0.3915,400$36,940$72,030
Forensic Science Technicians19-4092.00IRCAssociate2.6414,400$34,000$60,090
Forestry and Conservation Science Teachers, Postsecondary25-1043.00SIRDoctorate0.432,300$45,960$91,030
Geographers19-3092.00IRAMaster01,400$45,450$74,920
Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers19-2042.00IRMaster1.0436,400$47,250$105,720
Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors17-2111.00IRCBachelor0.6325,200$49,410$87,810
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary25-1071.00SIMaster1.9210,400$41,090$114,510
Historians19-3093.00IMaster03,500$27,920$61,120
Hydrologists19-2043.00IRMaster0.717,000$50,410$83,440
Industrial Engineering Technicians17-3026.00IRCAssociate-0.4566,500$33,910$56,320
Industrial-Organizational Psychologists19-3032.00IEAMaster1.52,000$52,270$92,320
Internists, General29-1063.00ISRProfess.0.9454,300$62,520$196,520
Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists13-1161.00IECMaster1.86495,500$33,530$70,030
Materials Engineers17-2131.00IREBachelor0.1225,300$53,120$94,690
Materials Scientists19-2032.00IRBachelor0.277,300$47,740$94,940
Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary25-1022.00SIAMaster1.6463,500$36,360$77,290
Mathematical Technicians15-2091.00IRCBachelor-0.831,200$28,390$53,630
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Mathematicians15-2021.00ICAMaster23,500$56,200$112,560
Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists29-2011.00IRCBachelor1.4164,800$41,510$61,860
Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists19-1042.00IRADoctorate0.82107,900$44,510$93,730
Microbiologists19-1022.00IRDoctorate0.3622,400$38,810$76,230
Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers17-2151.00IREBachelor0.68,300$54,180$107,880
Natural Sciences Managers11-9121.00EIBachelor +0.3355,100$69,250$136,570
Network and Computer Systems Administrators15-1142.00IRCBachelor0.79382,600$47,460$82,200
Nuclear Engineers17-2161.00IRCBachelor-0.3616,800$66,650$106,060
Nuclear Medicine Technologists29-2033.00IRSAssociate0.1420,700$52,950$74,990
Obstetricians and Gynecologists29-1064.00ISRProfess.1.7624,400$85,940$222,400
Operations Research Analysts15-2031.00ICEMaster3.0291,300$43,520$84,180
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Optometrists29-1041.00ISRProfess.2.7140,600$51,780$115,750
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons29-1022.00RSIProfess.1.766,800$85,270$233,900
Orthodontists29-1023.00IRSProfess.1.838,200$87,830$221,390
Pediatricians, General29-1065.00ISProfess.1.0334,800$90,950$183,180
Pharmacists29-1051.00ICSProfess.0.31297,100$86,790$119,270
Physician Assistants29-1071.00SIRBachelor3.0594,400$62,760$99,270
Physicists19-2012.00IRDoctorate0.7718,100$55,610$118,500
Physics Teachers, Postsecondary25-1054.00SIDoctorate1.5317,700$45,220$93,950
Political Scientists19-3094.00IASMaster-0.326,200$47,210$103,210
Prosthodontists29-1024.00IR*2.5800$73,050$161,020
Psychiatrists29-1066.00ISAProfess.1.4928,200$59,430$193,680
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Respiratory Therapists29-1126.00SIRAssociate1.23120,700$41,970$59,640
Sociologists19-3041.00IASMaster-0.382,600$36,200$82,100
Software Developers, Applications15-1132.00IRCBachelor1.88718,400$57,340$102,160
Software Developers, Systems Software15-1133.00ICRBachelor1.3395,600$64,600$108,760
Soil and Plant Scientists19-1013.00IRBachelor0.6817,700$35,770$65,980
Statisticians15-2041.00CIMaster3.3730,000$44,900$84,440
Surgeons29-1067.00IRSProfess.1.9846,000$111,420$247,520
Surveyors17-1022.00RCIBachelor-0.244,300$32,850$61,880
Urban and Regional Planners19-3051.00IEAMaster0.6338,000$42,940$70,680
Veterinarians29-1131.00IRProfess.0.8878,300$53,210$99,000
Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists19-1023.00IRBachelor0.4221,300$39,180$64,230

* data not available



Footnotes


SOC Codes

Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system classifies all careers and assigns a unique number to each. This SOC number can be used to follow up with other career databases.


Career Interests

Interests are the likes and dislikes of people who work in each career. Matching your interests can help you find a career that will be more satisfying and rewarding for you than occupations that do not meet your interests. Knowing your work interests can help you decide what kinds of jobs and careers you want to explore.

People and work environments can be classified into these six different groups:

Take an Career Interest Assessment to discover your interests.


Minimum Postsecondary Education Required

Minimum education is the usual minimum level of postsecondary (after high school) education required for each career.

Some careers have on-the-job training (OJT), which means that you go straight to the job and learn while you work.

Some careers require further education after high school before starting the career.


Growth Outlook

Growth outlook is the projected growth of the number of career openings per year from 2014 to 2024. High growth means that the number of openings are increasing, so the likelihood of getting a job in this career is good. Low growth means that there may not be any openings, so the likelihood of getting a job in this career is not very good.

White background indicates that growth outlook information is not available.


Number of Current Workers

Current workers is the number of people in The United States in 2014 who were full-time and part-time employees, workers on paid vacation or other type of paid leave, workers assigned temporarily to other units and paid owners, officers and staff of incorporated firms. This excludes proprietors, owners and partners of unincorporated firms, unpaid family workers, workers on unpaid leave and contractors and temporary agency employees not on the company payroll.


Average Entry-Level Salaries

Salary entry is the estimated average salary for all entry-level (first-year) workers in this occupation in The United States in 2016. Technically it is the annual 10th percentile wage.

Salary includes straight time, gross pay, exclusive of premium pay. Base rate, cost-of-living allowances, tips, guaranteed pay, hazardous-duty pay, incentive pay, commissions, production bonuses and on-call pay are included. Excluded is back pay, jury duty pay, overtime pay, severance pay, shift differentials, non-production bonuses and tuition reimbursements.

Salaries over $187,200 are sometimes shown as >$187,200 rather than the actual salary.


Average Salaries

Salary all is the estimated average salary for all workers in this occupation in The United States in 2016. Technically it is the mean annual wage.

Salaries over $187,200 are sometimes shown as >$187,200 rather than the actual salary.


This research was compiled, analyzed, and posted by Emil Barnabas.

The data come from multiple data tables from the US Department of Labor. Blanks in this table represent missing data, some due to confidentiality because of small numbers of workers in an occupation.




Comments, suggestions, and corrections are welcome. WebGuy -at- NcCareerOutlook.com.


Brought to you by educators in the School-to-Work/Careers Section of the Association for Career and Technical Education