Career Outlook dot US
 Take a Career Interest Assessment
Select one or more of the above and then select the button.

Select an occupation below to see more details about that occupation. Select a column heading to sort the table by that column.

Investigative career interests, in The United States

occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians17-3021.00RICAssociate-0.168,700$40,020$61,980
Aerospace Engineers17-2011.00IRBachelor0.4981,000$65,450$104,810
Agricultural Engineers17-2021.00IREBachelor0.912,700$44,750$77,370
Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary25-1041.00SIRDoctorate**$43,600$83,990
Anesthesiologists29-1061.00IRSProfess.**$135,110$232,830
Animal Scientists19-1011.00IRBachelor1.283,300$34,550$73,400
Anthropologists and Archeologists19-3091.00IAMaster2.076,100$33,330$60,230
Archivists25-4011.00CIMaster1.176,100$27,210$50,810
Astronomers19-2011.00IARDoctorate1.12,200$51,270$102,550
Atmospheric and Space Scientists19-2021.00IRBachelor1.069,500$49,120$90,010
Biochemists and Biophysicists19-1021.00IARDoctorate3.0825,100$41,430$89,470
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary25-1042.00SIDoctorate**$39,930$87,060
Biologists19-1020.01IR***$40,000$76,630
Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians29-2031.00RISAssociate2.9349,400$27,830$53,050
Chemical Engineers17-2041.00IRBachelor0.5930,200$58,830$102,270
Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary25-1052.00SIRDoctorate**$40,910$81,460
Chemists19-2031.00IRCBachelor0.3882,200$41,080$76,870
Chiropractors29-1011.00SIRProfess.2.8352,600$31,030$79,550
Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists19-3031.00ISDoctorate2.19154,300$38,450$72,220
Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists13-1141.00CEBachelor0.5109,500$37,570$62,200
Computer Hardware Engineers17-2061.00IRCBachelor0.970,000$63,970$103,980
Computer Network Architects15-1143.00ICRBachelor**$52,580$94,000
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Computer Programmers15-1131.00ICBachelor1.2363,100$42,850$78,260
Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary25-1021.00SICDoctorate**$36,330$79,870
Computer Systems Analysts15-1121.00ICRBachelor2.21544,400$49,950$83,800
Conservation Scientists19-1031.00IRBachelor0.5223,400$38,350$63,590
Database Administrators15-1141.00CIBachelor3.06110,800$42,930$79,120
Dentists, General29-1021.00IRSProfess.2.11130,700$74,130$163,240
Dietitians and Nutritionists29-1031.00ISBachelor1.9764,400$34,500$56,170
Economists19-3011.00ICEMaster0.6115,400$51,410$99,480
Electrical Engineers17-2071.00IRBachelor0.7154,000$56,490$91,810
Electronics Engineers, Except Computer17-2072.00IRBachelor0.49140,000$58,470$95,250
Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary25-1032.00SIRDoctorate**$50,770$100,100
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health19-4091.00IRCAssociate2.3629,600$26,330$44,570
Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health19-2041.00IRCMaster1.8789,400$38,570$68,970
Epidemiologists19-1041.00ISMaster2.365,000$42,620$71,400
Family and General Practitioners29-1062.00ISProfess.**$84,790$180,850
Financial Analysts13-2051.00CIEBachelor2.3236,000$47,130$89,410
Food Scientists and Technologists19-1012.00IRCBachelor0.813,900$33,900$64,140
Forensic Science Technicians19-4092.00IRCAssociate1.8613,000$32,200$55,730
Forestry and Conservation Science Teachers, Postsecondary25-1043.00SIRDoctorate**$41,920$82,020
Geographers19-3092.00IRAMaster3.541,600$41,910$74,020
Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers19-2042.00IRMaster2.1233,800$48,270$106,780
Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors17-2111.00IRCBachelor1.323,700$45,370$79,760
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary25-1071.00SIMaster**$38,060$100,370
Historians19-3093.00IMaster1.794,000$27,020$58,240
Hydrologists19-2043.00IRMaster1.787,600$48,450$78,920
Industrial Engineering Technicians17-3026.00IRCAssociate0.4262,500$33,100$53,100
Industrial-Organizational Psychologists19-3032.00IEAMaster3.492,200$48,780$98,800
Internists, General29-1063.00ISRProfess.**$66,790$191,520
Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists13-1161.00IECMaster4.12282,700$33,280$67,380
Materials Engineers17-2131.00IREBachelor0.8722,300$52,900$87,490
Materials Scientists19-2032.00IRBachelor1.028,700$46,960$89,740
Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary25-1022.00SIAMaster**$33,830$73,190
Mathematical Technicians15-2091.00IRCBachelor0.621,100$29,750$64,220
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Mathematicians15-2021.00ICAMaster1.573,100$56,040$101,280
Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists29-2011.00IRCBachelor1.13169,400$39,580$58,640
Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists19-1042.00IRADoctorate3.64100,000$41,340$87,830
Microbiologists19-1022.00IRDoctorate1.3320,300$39,720$73,250
Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers17-2151.00IREBachelor0.966,400$49,680$91,250
Natural Sciences Managers11-9121.00EIBachelor +0.7749,300$65,040$130,400
Network and Computer Systems Administrators15-1142.00IRCBachelor2.78347,200$44,330$76,320
Nuclear Engineers17-2161.00IRCBachelor1.0219,100$68,940$107,140
Nuclear Medicine Technologists29-2033.00IRSAssociate1.8921,900$50,560$70,840
Obstetricians and Gynecologists29-1064.00ISRProfess.**$121,240$216,760
Operations Research Analysts15-2031.00ICEMaster1.4664,600$40,550$79,830
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Optometrists29-1041.00ISRProfess.3.3134,200$52,590$109,810
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons29-1022.00RSIProfess.2.138,000$89,590$216,440
Orthodontists29-1023.00IRSProfess.2.118,300$67,530$186,320
Pediatricians, General29-1065.00ISProfess.**$86,900$167,640
Pharmacists29-1051.00ICSProfess.2.54274,900$89,280$114,950
Physician Assistants29-1071.00SIRBachelor2.9583,600$62,430$92,460
Physicists19-2012.00IRDoctorate1.4218,300$57,640$114,150
Physics Teachers, Postsecondary25-1054.00SIDoctorate**$43,240$88,470
Political Scientists19-3094.00IASMaster0.795,600$49,290$104,600
Prosthodontists29-1024.00IR*2.141,000$56,150$168,120
Psychiatrists29-1066.00ISAProfess.**$70,920$177,520
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Respiratory Therapists29-1126.00SIRAssociate2.77112,700$40,980$57,200
Sociologists19-3041.00IASMaster1.814,000$43,280$80,820
Software Developers, Applications15-1132.00IRCBachelor2.76520,800$55,190$93,280
Software Developers, Systems Software15-1133.00ICRBachelor3.24392,300$62,800$102,550
Soil and Plant Scientists19-1013.00IRBachelor1.2116,300$36,010$63,290
Statisticians15-2041.00CIMaster1.4125,100$42,220$79,570
Surgeons29-1067.00IRSProfess.**$122,910$230,540
Surveyors17-1022.00RCIBachelor2.5451,200$32,190$59,180
Urban and Regional Planners19-3051.00IEAMaster1.6240,300$41,490$67,950
Veterinarians29-1131.00IRProfess.3.5961,400$51,530$93,250
Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists19-1023.00IRBachelor0.7419,800$37,100$62,500

* data not available



Footnotes


SOC Codes

Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system classifies all careers and assigns a unique number to each. This SOC number can be used to follow up with other career databases.


Career Interests

Interests are the likes and dislikes of people who work in each career. Matching your interests can help you find a career that will be more satisfying and rewarding for you than occupations that do not meet your interests. Knowing your work interests can help you decide what kinds of jobs and careers you want to explore.

People and work environments can be classified into these six different groups:

Take an Career Interest Assessment to discover your interests.


Minimum Postsecondary Education Required

Minimum education is the usual minimum level of postsecondary (after high school) education required for each career.

Some careers have on-the-job training (OJT), which means that you go straight to the job and learn while you work.

Some careers require further education after high school before starting the career.


Growth Outlook

Growth outlook is the projected growth of the number of career openings per year from 2010 to 2020. High growth means that the number of openings are increasing, so the likelihood of getting a job in this career is good. Low growth means that there may not be any openings, so the likelihood of getting a job in this career is not very good.

White background indicates that growth outlook information is not available.


Number of Current Workers

Current workers is the number of people in The United States in 2010 who were full-time and part-time employees, workers on paid vacation or other type of paid leave, workers assigned temporarily to other units and paid owners, officers and staff of incorporated firms. This excludes proprietors, owners and partners of unincorporated firms, unpaid family workers, workers on unpaid leave and contractors and temporary agency employees not on the company payroll.


Average Entry-Level Salaries

Salary entry is the estimated average salary for all entry-level (first-year) workers in this occupation in The United States in 2012. Technically it is the annual 10th percentile wage.

Salary includes straight time, gross pay, exclusive of premium pay. Base rate, cost-of-living allowances, tips, guaranteed pay, hazardous-duty pay, incentive pay, commissions, production bonuses and on-call pay are included. Excluded is back pay, jury duty pay, overtime pay, severance pay, shift differentials, non-production bonuses and tuition reimbursements.

Salaries over $187,200 are sometimes shown as >$187,200 rather than the actual salary.


Average Salaries

Salary all is the estimated average salary for all workers in this occupation in The United States in 2012. Technically it is the mean annual wage.

Salaries over $187,200 are sometimes shown as >$187,200 rather than the actual salary.


This research was compiled, analyzed, and posted by Emil Barnabas.

The data come from multiple data tables from the US Department of Labor. Blanks in this table represent missing data, some due to confidentiality because of small numbers of workers in an occupation.




Comments, suggestions, and corrections are welcome. WebGuy -at- NcCareerOutlook.com.


Brought to you by educators in the School-to-Work/Careers Section of the Association for Career and Technical Education