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Investigative career interests, in The United States

occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians17-3021.00RICAssociate-0.049,900$38,440$64,310
Aerospace Engineers17-2011.00IRBachelor0.7383,000$66,110$107,700
Agricultural Engineers17-2021.00IREBachelor0.482,600$45,940$75,440
Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary25-1041.00SIRDoctorate0.812,800$44,580$90,100
Anesthesiologists29-1061.00IRSProfess.2.4433,900$151,450$246,320
Animal Scientists19-1011.00IRBachelor0.882,700$37,430$72,590
Anthropologists and Archeologists19-3091.00IAMaster1.947,200$34,580$61,980
Archivists25-4011.00CIMaster1.666,500$28,360$52,930
Astronomers19-2011.00IARDoctorate12,700$52,160$107,140
Atmospheric and Space Scientists19-2021.00IRBachelor111,100$50,030$88,090
Biochemists and Biophysicists19-1021.00IARDoctorate1.8629,200$44,220$91,960
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary25-1042.00SIDoctorate1.9561,400$39,500$86,200
Biologists19-1020.01IR***$41,030$79,200
Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians29-2031.00RISAssociate3.0451,600$28,110$55,210
Chemical Engineers17-2041.00IRBachelor0.4533,300$59,480$103,590
Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary25-1052.00SIRDoctorate1.3725,300$40,750$83,360
Chemists19-2031.00IRCBachelor0.5687,900$41,560$79,140
Chiropractors29-1011.00SIRProfess.1.4644,400$31,440$79,760
Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists19-3031.00ISDoctorate1.13145,100$40,080$74,030
Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists13-1141.00CEBachelor0.5891,700$38,540$64,380
Computer Hardware Engineers17-2061.00IRCBachelor0.7483,300$66,070$110,650
Computer Network Architects15-1143.00ICRBachelor1.46143,400$55,160$100,710
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Computer Programmers15-1131.00ICBachelor0.83343,700$44,140$82,690
Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary25-1021.00SICDoctorate1.2741,700$35,620$80,730
Computer Systems Analysts15-1121.00ICRBachelor2.45520,600$50,780$87,320
Conservation Scientists19-1031.00IRBachelor0.0522,100$38,000$64,420
Database Administrators15-1141.00CIBachelor1.51118,700$44,470$82,280
Dentists, General29-1021.00IRSProfess.1.63125,800$69,910$166,810
Dietitians and Nutritionists29-1031.00ISBachelor2.1167,400$35,040$57,440
Economists19-3011.00ICEMaster1.3916,900$50,440$105,290
Electrical Engineers17-2071.00IRBachelor0.47166,100$59,140$95,780
Electronics Engineers, Except Computer17-2072.00IRBachelor0.34140,000$61,780$99,660
Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary25-1032.00SIRDoctorate1.1842,500$48,120$102,000
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health19-4091.00IRCAssociate1.8832,800$26,660$45,910
Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health19-2041.00IRCMaster1.4690,000$39,730$72,050
Epidemiologists19-1041.00ISMaster1.025,100$43,530$74,120
Family and General Practitioners29-1062.00ISProfess.1.46124,000$72,190$186,320
Financial Analysts13-2051.00CIEBachelor1.55253,000$48,170$92,250
Food Scientists and Technologists19-1012.00IRCBachelor1.0819,400$35,150$66,870
Forensic Science Technicians19-4092.00IRCAssociate0.5812,900$33,610$58,610
Forestry and Conservation Science Teachers, Postsecondary25-1043.00SIRDoctorate0.993,100$40,830$84,810
Geographers19-3092.00IRAMaster2.91,700$43,480$75,610
Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers19-2042.00IRMaster1.5838,200$46,400$105,390
Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors17-2111.00IRCBachelor1.124,100$48,260$84,850
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary25-1071.00SIMaster3.61190,000$40,070$112,950
Historians19-3093.00IMaster0.63,800$27,550$61,180
Hydrologists19-2043.00IRMaster1.047,400$50,090$81,930
Industrial Engineering Technicians17-3026.00IRCAssociate-0.3268,000$34,180$55,660
Industrial-Organizational Psychologists19-3032.00IEAMaster5.341,600$51,970$90,070
Internists, General29-1063.00ISRProfess.1.4151,300$60,880$190,530
Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists13-1161.00IECMaster3.16415,700$33,460$68,700
Materials Engineers17-2131.00IREBachelor0.0923,200$53,290$91,150
Materials Scientists19-2032.00IRBachelor0.528,300$47,860$94,350
Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary25-1022.00SIAMaster1.1563,300$34,580$74,200
Mathematical Technicians15-2091.00IRCBachelor1.261,900$31,060$62,280
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Mathematicians15-2021.00ICAMaster2.273,500$54,830$104,350
Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists29-2011.00IRCBachelor1.38164,300$40,640$60,560
Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists19-1042.00IRADoctorate1.33103,100$43,150$90,160
Microbiologists19-1022.00IRDoctorate0.720,100$38,830$76,530
Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers17-2151.00IREBachelor1.27,900$52,780$100,970
Natural Sciences Managers11-9121.00EIBachelor +0.5751,600$70,020$136,450
Network and Computer Systems Administrators15-1142.00IRCBachelor1.17366,400$46,220$79,770
Nuclear Engineers17-2161.00IRCBachelor0.9320,400$66,890$104,630
Nuclear Medicine Technologists29-2033.00IRSAssociate2.0220,900$52,080$73,230
Obstetricians and Gynecologists29-1064.00ISRProfess.1.4423,600$100,100$214,750
Operations Research Analysts15-2031.00ICEMaster2.6773,200$42,810$82,940
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Optometrists29-1041.00ISRProfess.2.4433,100$52,270$113,010
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons29-1022.00RSIProfess.1.616,700$92,660$219,600
Orthodontists29-1023.00IRSProfess.1.637,500$78,960$201,030
Pediatricians, General29-1065.00ISProfess.1.5734,700$93,120$175,400
Pharmacists29-1051.00ICSProfess.1.45286,400$89,320$118,470
Physician Assistants29-1071.00SIRBachelor3.8486,700$64,100$97,280
Physicists19-2012.00IRDoctorate1.0420,600$54,930$117,300
Physics Teachers, Postsecondary25-1054.00SIDoctorate1.3817,400$43,780$90,500
Political Scientists19-3094.00IASMaster2.136,600$52,150$104,000
Prosthodontists29-1024.00IR*1.5400$69,930$142,830
Psychiatrists29-1066.00ISAProfess.1.6227,200$61,600$182,700
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Respiratory Therapists29-1126.00SIRAssociate1.91119,300$41,380$58,490
Sociologists19-3041.00IASMaster1.52,600$39,580$78,810
Software Developers, Applications15-1132.00IRCBachelor2.28613,000$56,310$99,530
Software Developers, Systems Software15-1133.00ICRBachelor2.04405,000$63,250$106,050
Soil and Plant Scientists19-1013.00IRBachelor0.7516,300$35,920$64,680
Statisticians15-2041.00CIMaster2.6727,600$43,840$84,010
Surgeons29-1067.00IRSProfess.2.3247,900$130,710$240,440
Surveyors17-1022.00RCIBachelor1.0342,400$32,740$60,310
Urban and Regional Planners19-3051.00IEAMaster1.0338,700$42,220$69,010
Veterinarians29-1131.00IRProfess.1.270,300$52,530$98,230
Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists19-1023.00IRBachelor0.4920,100$38,080$63,230

* data not available



Footnotes


SOC Codes

Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system classifies all careers and assigns a unique number to each. This SOC number can be used to follow up with other career databases.


Career Interests

Interests are the likes and dislikes of people who work in each career. Matching your interests can help you find a career that will be more satisfying and rewarding for you than occupations that do not meet your interests. Knowing your work interests can help you decide what kinds of jobs and careers you want to explore.

People and work environments can be classified into these six different groups:

Take an Career Interest Assessment to discover your interests.


Minimum Postsecondary Education Required

Minimum education is the usual minimum level of postsecondary (after high school) education required for each career.

Some careers have on-the-job training (OJT), which means that you go straight to the job and learn while you work.

Some careers require further education after high school before starting the career.


Growth Outlook

Growth outlook is the projected growth of the number of career openings per year from 2012 to 2022. High growth means that the number of openings are increasing, so the likelihood of getting a job in this career is good. Low growth means that there may not be any openings, so the likelihood of getting a job in this career is not very good.

White background indicates that growth outlook information is not available.


Number of Current Workers

Current workers is the number of people in The United States in 2012 who were full-time and part-time employees, workers on paid vacation or other type of paid leave, workers assigned temporarily to other units and paid owners, officers and staff of incorporated firms. This excludes proprietors, owners and partners of unincorporated firms, unpaid family workers, workers on unpaid leave and contractors and temporary agency employees not on the company payroll.


Average Entry-Level Salaries

Salary entry is the estimated average salary for all entry-level (first-year) workers in this occupation in The United States in 2014. Technically it is the annual 10th percentile wage.

Salary includes straight time, gross pay, exclusive of premium pay. Base rate, cost-of-living allowances, tips, guaranteed pay, hazardous-duty pay, incentive pay, commissions, production bonuses and on-call pay are included. Excluded is back pay, jury duty pay, overtime pay, severance pay, shift differentials, non-production bonuses and tuition reimbursements.

Salaries over $187,200 are sometimes shown as >$187,200 rather than the actual salary.


Average Salaries

Salary all is the estimated average salary for all workers in this occupation in The United States in 2014. Technically it is the mean annual wage.

Salaries over $187,200 are sometimes shown as >$187,200 rather than the actual salary.


This research was compiled, analyzed, and posted by Emil Barnabas.

The data come from multiple data tables from the US Department of Labor. Blanks in this table represent missing data, some due to confidentiality because of small numbers of workers in an occupation.




Comments, suggestions, and corrections are welcome. WebGuy -at- NcCareerOutlook.com.


Brought to you by educators in the School-to-Work/Careers Section of the Association for Career and Technical Education