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Investigative career interests, in The United States

occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Biologists19-1020.01IR***$41,230$79,610
Prosthodontists29-1024.00IR*2.5800$73,050$161,020
Chiropractors29-1011.00SIRProfess.1.7545,200$31,310$78,370
Dentists, General29-1021.00IRSProfess.1.81129,000$68,310$172,350
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons29-1022.00RSIProfess.1.766,800$85,270$233,900
Orthodontists29-1023.00IRSProfess.1.838,200$87,830$221,390
Optometrists29-1041.00ISRProfess.2.7140,600$51,780$115,750
Pharmacists29-1051.00ICSProfess.0.31297,100$86,790$119,270
Anesthesiologists29-1061.00IRSProfess.2.1133,700$142,590$258,100
Family and General Practitioners29-1062.00ISProfess.1.02139,800$65,630$192,120
Internists, General29-1063.00ISRProfess.0.9454,300$62,520$196,520
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Obstetricians and Gynecologists29-1064.00ISRProfess.1.7624,400$85,940$222,400
Pediatricians, General29-1065.00ISProfess.1.0334,800$90,950$183,180
Psychiatrists29-1066.00ISAProfess.1.4928,200$59,430$193,680
Surgeons29-1067.00IRSProfess.1.9846,000$111,420$247,520
Veterinarians29-1131.00IRProfess.0.8878,300$53,210$99,000
Biochemists and Biophysicists19-1021.00IARDoctorate0.8234,100$44,640$93,390
Microbiologists19-1022.00IRDoctorate0.3622,400$38,810$76,230
Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists19-1042.00IRADoctorate0.82107,900$44,510$93,730
Astronomers19-2011.00IARDoctorate01,900$52,460$110,220
Physicists19-2012.00IRDoctorate0.7718,100$55,610$118,500
Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists19-3031.00ISDoctorate1.97155,300$40,920$76,040
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary25-1021.00SICDoctorate0.8843,400$37,570$84,700
Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary25-1032.00SIRDoctorate1.346,000$46,460$104,220
Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary25-1041.00SIRDoctorate0.5812,100$46,680$95,280
Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary25-1042.00SIDoctorate1.6364,300$41,170$86,830
Forestry and Conservation Science Teachers, Postsecondary25-1043.00SIRDoctorate0.432,300$45,960$91,030
Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary25-1052.00SIRDoctorate1.5426,600$41,800$86,070
Physics Teachers, Postsecondary25-1054.00SIDoctorate1.5317,700$45,220$93,950
Mathematicians15-2021.00ICAMaster23,500$56,200$112,560
Operations Research Analysts15-2031.00ICEMaster3.0291,300$43,520$84,180
Statisticians15-2041.00CIMaster3.3730,000$44,900$84,440
Epidemiologists19-1041.00ISMaster0.525,800$46,130$76,900
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health19-2041.00IRCMaster1.0894,600$40,350$73,930
Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers19-2042.00IRMaster1.0436,400$47,250$105,720
Hydrologists19-2043.00IRMaster0.717,000$50,410$83,440
Economists19-3011.00ICEMaster0.5621,500$52,540$109,230
Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists13-1161.00IECMaster1.86495,500$33,530$70,030
Industrial-Organizational Psychologists19-3032.00IEAMaster1.52,000$52,270$92,320
Sociologists19-3041.00IASMaster-0.382,600$36,200$82,100
Urban and Regional Planners19-3051.00IEAMaster0.6338,000$42,940$70,680
Anthropologists and Archeologists19-3091.00IAMaster0.397,700$35,440$64,290
Geographers19-3092.00IRAMaster01,400$45,450$74,920
Historians19-3093.00IMaster03,500$27,920$61,120
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Political Scientists19-3094.00IASMaster-0.326,200$47,210$103,210
Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary25-1022.00SIAMaster1.6463,500$36,360$77,290
Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary25-1071.00SIMaster1.9210,400$41,090$114,510
Archivists25-4011.00CIMaster0.726,900$30,430$53,880
Natural Sciences Managers11-9121.00EIBachelor +0.3355,100$69,250$136,570
Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists13-1141.00CEBachelor0.484,700$38,370$65,100
Financial Analysts13-2051.00CIEBachelor1.17277,600$49,450$95,320
Computer Programmers15-1131.00ICBachelor-0.8328,600$44,450$84,360
Software Developers, Applications15-1132.00IRCBachelor1.88718,400$57,340$102,160
Software Developers, Systems Software15-1133.00ICRBachelor1.3395,600$64,600$108,760
Computer Systems Analysts15-1121.00ICRBachelor2.09567,800$51,910$90,180
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Database Administrators15-1141.00CIBachelor1.12120,000$45,460$84,250
Network and Computer Systems Administrators15-1142.00IRCBachelor0.79382,600$47,460$82,200
Computer Network Architects15-1143.00ICRBachelor0.87146,200$56,230$103,100
Mathematical Technicians15-2091.00IRCBachelor-0.831,200$28,390$53,630
Surveyors17-1022.00RCIBachelor-0.244,300$32,850$61,880
Aerospace Engineers17-2011.00IRBachelor-0.2372,500$67,850$110,570
Agricultural Engineers17-2021.00IREBachelor0.342,900$47,490$78,490
Chemical Engineers17-2041.00IRBachelor0.1734,300$59,470$103,960
Computer Hardware Engineers17-2061.00IRCBachelor0.3177,700$65,570$114,970
Electrical Engineers17-2071.00IRBachelor0.1178,400$59,240$97,340
Electronics Engineers, Except Computer17-2072.00IRBachelor-0.14137,400$63,430$102,390
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors17-2111.00IRCBachelor0.6325,200$49,410$87,810
Materials Engineers17-2131.00IREBachelor0.1225,300$53,120$94,690
Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers17-2151.00IREBachelor0.68,300$54,180$107,880
Nuclear Engineers17-2161.00IRCBachelor-0.3616,800$66,650$106,060
Animal Scientists19-1011.00IRBachelor1.032,900$37,830$71,830
Food Scientists and Technologists19-1012.00IRCBachelor0.3915,400$36,940$72,030
Soil and Plant Scientists19-1013.00IRBachelor0.6817,700$35,770$65,980
Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists19-1023.00IRBachelor0.4221,300$39,180$64,230
Conservation Scientists19-1031.00IRBachelor0.6621,100$37,380$63,800
Atmospheric and Space Scientists19-2021.00IRBachelor0.9311,800$50,630$90,210
Chemists19-2031.00IRCBachelor0.2691,100$41,110$77,860
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Materials Scientists19-2032.00IRBachelor0.277,300$47,740$94,940
Dietitians and Nutritionists29-1031.00ISBachelor1.6366,700$35,240$58,410
Physician Assistants29-1071.00SIRBachelor3.0594,400$62,760$99,270
Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists29-2011.00IRCBachelor1.4164,800$41,510$61,860
Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians17-3021.00RICAssociate0.3511,400$39,560$68,620
Industrial Engineering Technicians17-3026.00IRCAssociate-0.4566,500$33,910$56,320
Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health19-4091.00IRCAssociate0.9436,200$26,890$46,540
Forensic Science Technicians19-4092.00IRCAssociate2.6414,400$34,000$60,090
Respiratory Therapists29-1126.00SIRAssociate1.23120,700$41,970$59,640
Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians29-2031.00RISAssociate2.2152,000$28,420$56,100
Nuclear Medicine Technologists29-2033.00IRSAssociate0.1420,700$52,950$74,990

* data not available



Footnotes


SOC Codes

Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system classifies all careers and assigns a unique number to each. This SOC number can be used to follow up with other career databases.


Career Interests

Interests are the likes and dislikes of people who work in each career. Matching your interests can help you find a career that will be more satisfying and rewarding for you than occupations that do not meet your interests. Knowing your work interests can help you decide what kinds of jobs and careers you want to explore.

People and work environments can be classified into these six different groups:

Take an Career Interest Assessment to discover your interests.


Minimum Postsecondary Education Required

Minimum education is the usual minimum level of postsecondary (after high school) education required for each career.

Some careers have on-the-job training (OJT), which means that you go straight to the job and learn while you work.

Some careers require further education after high school before starting the career.


Growth Outlook

Growth outlook is the projected growth of the number of career openings per year from 2014 to 2024. High growth means that the number of openings are increasing, so the likelihood of getting a job in this career is good. Low growth means that there may not be any openings, so the likelihood of getting a job in this career is not very good.

White background indicates that growth outlook information is not available.


Number of Current Workers

Current workers is the number of people in The United States in 2014 who were full-time and part-time employees, workers on paid vacation or other type of paid leave, workers assigned temporarily to other units and paid owners, officers and staff of incorporated firms. This excludes proprietors, owners and partners of unincorporated firms, unpaid family workers, workers on unpaid leave and contractors and temporary agency employees not on the company payroll.


Average Entry-Level Salaries

Salary entry is the estimated average salary for all entry-level (first-year) workers in this occupation in The United States in 2016. Technically it is the annual 10th percentile wage.

Salary includes straight time, gross pay, exclusive of premium pay. Base rate, cost-of-living allowances, tips, guaranteed pay, hazardous-duty pay, incentive pay, commissions, production bonuses and on-call pay are included. Excluded is back pay, jury duty pay, overtime pay, severance pay, shift differentials, non-production bonuses and tuition reimbursements.

Salaries over $187,200 are sometimes shown as >$187,200 rather than the actual salary.


Average Salaries

Salary all is the estimated average salary for all workers in this occupation in The United States in 2016. Technically it is the mean annual wage.

Salaries over $187,200 are sometimes shown as >$187,200 rather than the actual salary.


This research was compiled, analyzed, and posted by Emil Barnabas.

The data come from multiple data tables from the US Department of Labor. Blanks in this table represent missing data, some due to confidentiality because of small numbers of workers in an occupation.




Comments, suggestions, and corrections are welcome. WebGuy -at- NcCareerOutlook.com



Brought to you by educators in the School-to-Work/Careers Section of the Association for Career and Technical Education