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Manufacturing career cluster, in The United States

occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Adhesive Bonding Machine Operators and Tenders51-9191.00RCmod. OJT0.4515,100$19,580$31,780
Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers51-2011.00Rlong OJT1.4336,300$29,420$48,520
Assemblers and Fabricators, all other51-2099.00Rmod. OJT1.13254,500$17,590$29,070
Bakers51-3011.00RClong OJT0.23149,800$17,200$25,060
Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters51-7011.00RClong OJT1.6897,000$19,930$32,940
Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers49-9061.00RCImod. OJT1.033,300$25,340$41,750
Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders51-9011.00RCmod. OJT-0.7547,400$28,100$47,950
Chemical Plant and System Operators51-8091.00RClong OJT-1.2243,300$33,000$54,150
Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders51-9192.00RCmod. OJT0.1117,700$17,950$28,280
Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders51-9121.00RCImod. OJT0.6183,600$20,290$31,870
Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers51-2021.00RCshort OJT-1.5915,100$20,240$32,000
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers49-9091.00RCmod. OJT2.2139,100$19,150$32,700
Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic51-4012.00CIRlong OJT1.0816,600$30,860$48,640
Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers49-2011.00RCI1,2 year0.65146,200$22,490$38,550
Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic51-4011.00RCmod. OJT1.92125,100$23,340$36,810
Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door49-9012.00RCImod. OJT*43,800$28,540$51,930
Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders51-9193.00RCImod. OJT0.18,900$19,010$30,020
Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders51-9021.00RCImod. OJT0.5133,400$19,890$33,340
Cutters and Trimmers, Hand51-9031.00RCshort OJT-0.5717,400$17,830$26,650
Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders51-9032.00RCmod. OJT-0.0161,400$20,320$32,340
Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic51-4031.00RCmod. OJT0.25183,900$19,810$31,090
Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic51-4032.00RCImod. OJT-0.722,700$21,530$36,020
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers49-2092.00RC1,2 year0.4919,800$21,190$38,470
Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers51-2022.00RCshort OJT-0.57182,900$19,150$30,970
Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment49-2093.00RC1,2 year0.2112,700$34,040$52,850
Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment49-2094.00RIC1,2 year0.1169,100$32,770$52,940
Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation and Relay49-2095.00RC1,2 year0.4923,400$48,330$67,380
Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers51-2023.00RCIshort OJT0.0849,400$21,350$32,950
Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles49-2096.00RIC1,2 year0.2816,000$20,030$33,600
Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers49-2097.00RC1,2 year1.3936,800$21,580$36,940
Engine and Other Machine Assemblers51-2031.00RCshort OJT0.5333,700$24,780$37,730
Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic51-4021.00RCmod. OJT0.8376,500$20,860$34,060
Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers51-6091.00Rmod. OJT-0.1614,700$20,970$32,750
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders51-9041.00RCImod. OJT0.1965,400$20,500$32,880
Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers51-6092.00RAClong OJT-3.566,000$21,430$44,790
Fabric Menders, Except Garment49-9093.00Rmod. OJT-0.63800$17,690$28,540
Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators51-2091.00RCImod. OJT-0.1819,400$19,590$29,960
First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers49-1011.00ECRwork exp.1.19431,200$36,480$62,540
First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers51-1011.00ERCwork exp.0.19588,500$32,530$57,420
Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic51-4022.00RCImod. OJT0.322,500$21,370$34,830
Foundry Mold and Coremakers51-4071.00RCmod. OJT1.1510,200$20,520$31,600
Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders51-9051.00RCmod. OJT0.1120,400$23,170$37,080
Furniture Finishers51-7021.00RAlong OJT0.5520,600$18,980$29,900
Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand51-9022.00RCmod. OJT0.7727,900$19,280$29,250
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic51-4033.00Rmod. OJT0.1472,600$20,700$33,070
Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic51-4191.00RCmod. OJT0.0818,600$22,070$35,380
Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers49-9098.00RCIshort OJT1.84125,000$17,340$26,780
Helpers--Production Workers51-9198.00RCshort OJT0.87395,100$17,100$24,620
Home Appliance Repairers49-9031.00RCIlong OJT0.6547,700$19,610$37,270
Industrial Machinery Mechanics49-9041.00RIClong OJT2.16287,100$30,850$48,690
Industrial Production Managers11-3051.00ECBachelor0.91150,300$54,250$97,490
Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers51-9061.00CRmod. OJT0.8416,100$20,460$37,240
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, all other49-9099.00Rmod. OJT**$21,000$39,410
Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic51-4034.00RICmod. OJT-0.4741,900$23,480$37,600
Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers51-6011.00RCmod. OJT0.07225,200$16,540$21,540
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic51-4192.00RCImod. OJT1.378,900$23,870$42,330
Locksmiths and Safe Repairers49-9094.00RCmod. OJT1.7725,700$22,060$39,160
Machinists51-4041.00RCIlong OJT0.85370,400$24,340$40,860
Maintenance and Repair Workers, General49-9071.00RCImod. OJT1.11,289,000$20,920$37,190
Maintenance Workers, Machinery49-9043.00RCIshort OJT0.6569,900$25,130$42,190
Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers49-9095.00RCmod. OJT1.397,800$18,630$30,160
Medical Equipment Repairers49-9062.00RICAssociate3.1537,900$26,550$46,910
Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, all other51-4199.00RCmod. OJT0.1626,800$19,240$34,280
Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic51-4035.00RCmod. OJT0.3620,800$22,110$37,460
Millwrights49-9044.00RCIlong OJT-0.4836,500$30,170$50,730
Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders51-9023.00RCImod. OJT-0.22124,600$20,500$35,200
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Model Makers, Metal and Plastic51-4061.00RICmod. OJT-0.826,200$26,850$46,970
Model Makers, Wood51-7031.00RAClong OJT1.131,600$17,930$31,740
Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic51-9195.00RAmod. OJT0.843,400$19,070$30,770
Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic51-4072.00RCImod. OJT0.51115,200$19,190$30,400
Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic51-4081.00Rmod. OJT0.3870,400$21,680$35,060
Nuclear Power Reactor Operators51-8011.00RCElong OJT0.365,200$55,060$76,020
Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics49-3053.00RCmod. OJT1.9130,100$19,940$31,820
Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders51-9111.00RCshort OJT0.38337,200$17,660$28,160
Packers and Packagers, Hand53-7064.00RCshort OJT0.86677,300$16,720$22,470
Painters, Transportation Equipment51-9122.00RCmod. OJT0.9446,200$25,380$43,600
Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers51-9123.00Rshort OJT1.7225,300$18,550$29,270
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders51-9196.00RCmod. OJT-0.6190,900$20,680$35,660
Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic51-4062.00RCImod. OJT-0.194,500$25,160$43,400
Patternmakers, Wood51-7032.00RIAlong OJT0.431,200$24,910$41,030
Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators51-9151.00RCmod. OJT-0.7758,700$17,180$26,140
Plant and System Operators, all other51-8099.00RClong OJT*11,300$28,890$52,660
Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic51-4193.00RCmod. OJT0.9331,200$19,830$31,830
Pourers and Casters, Metal51-4052.00RCmod. OJT0.4511,500$22,970$35,750
Power Distributors and Dispatchers51-8012.00RIClong OJT-0.310,300$48,400$73,710
Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, all other49-9069.00Rlong OJT0.9315,000$33,370$52,880
Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials51-6021.00RCshort OJT-1.1857,800$16,500$20,730
Print Binding and Finishing Workers51-5113.00RCmod. OJT-0.3153,700$19,340$31,560
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Production Workers, all other51-9199.00RCmod. OJT**$17,790$30,380
Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks43-5061.00CEshort OJT0.66271,000$25,630$45,450
Radio Mechanics49-2021.00RIC1,2 year2.949,900$26,300$46,260
Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons49-9045.00RCImod. OJT0.862,100$26,960$41,870
Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic51-4023.00RCmod. OJT0.8232,200$22,980$38,160
Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood51-7041.00RCImod. OJT2.4739,000$17,820$27,520
Semiconductor Processors51-9141.00RCIAssociate-1.7921,100$22,820$34,780
Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders51-9012.00RCImod. OJT0.5138,400$22,770$40,340
Sewers, Hand51-6051.00RACshort OJT-0.5410,400$17,380$25,390
Sewing Machine Operators51-6031.00RCmod. OJT-2.58163,200$17,020$23,110
Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers51-6041.00RCAlong OJT-1.3610,200$17,460$26,050
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders51-6042.00RCmod. OJT-5.343,200$16,900$25,600
Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators51-8021.00RIClong OJT0.6237,600$33,600$54,860
Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers51-6052.00RAElong OJT0.247,200$17,830$29,170
Team Assemblers51-2092.00RCEmod. OJT0.55952,600$18,150$29,910
Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders51-6061.00Rmod. OJT-1.5213,900$17,950$25,520
Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders51-6062.00RCmod. OJT-2.1814,900$17,590$25,460
Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders51-6063.00RClong OJT-1.8222,500$18,400$26,950
Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders51-6064.00RCmod. OJT-1.2429,000$19,340$26,010
Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, all other51-6099.00Rshort OJT-1.2116,700$17,860$28,970
Timing Device Assemblers and Adjusters51-2093.00RCmod. OJT*1,600$20,190$29,080
Tire Builders51-9197.00RCmod. OJT-0.5715,500$21,630$39,340
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Tool and Die Makers51-4111.00RIClong OJT-0.2367,700$31,530$48,490
Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners51-4194.00RCmod. OJT0.713,100$21,190$35,560
Upholsterers51-6093.00Rlong OJT0.4246,900$19,420$31,750
Watch Repairers49-9064.00RCIlong OJT0.592,500$20,630$39,570
Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers51-4121.00RClong OJT1.5337,300$24,720$38,410
Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders51-4122.00RCmod. OJT0.6641,500$22,880$36,060
Woodworkers, all other51-7099.00Rmod. OJT0.4414,900$17,660$30,150
Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing51-7042.00RCImod. OJT2.0260,600$18,450$28,100

* data not available



Footnotes


SOC Codes

Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system classifies all careers and assigns a unique number to each. This SOC number can be used to follow up with other career databases.


Career Interests

Interests are the likes and dislikes of people who work in each career. Matching your interests can help you find a career that will be more satisfying and rewarding for you than occupations that do not meet your interests. Knowing your work interests can help you decide what kinds of jobs and careers you want to explore.

People and work environments can be classified into these six different groups:

Take an Career Interest Assessment to discover your interests.


Minimum Postsecondary Education Required

Minimum education is the usual minimum level of postsecondary (after high school) education required for each career.

Some careers have on-the-job training (OJT), which means that you go straight to the job and learn while you work.

Some careers require further education after high school before starting the career.


Growth Outlook

Growth outlook is the projected growth of the number of career openings per year from 2010 to 2020. High growth means that the number of openings are increasing, so the likelihood of getting a job in this career is good. Low growth means that there may not be any openings, so the likelihood of getting a job in this career is not very good.

White background indicates that growth outlook information is not available.


Number of Current Workers

Current workers is the number of people in The United States in 2010 who were full-time and part-time employees, workers on paid vacation or other type of paid leave, workers assigned temporarily to other units and paid owners, officers and staff of incorporated firms. This excludes proprietors, owners and partners of unincorporated firms, unpaid family workers, workers on unpaid leave and contractors and temporary agency employees not on the company payroll.


Average Entry-Level Salaries

Salary entry is the estimated average salary for all entry-level (first-year) workers in this occupation in The United States in 2012. Technically it is the annual 10th percentile wage.

Salary includes straight time, gross pay, exclusive of premium pay. Base rate, cost-of-living allowances, tips, guaranteed pay, hazardous-duty pay, incentive pay, commissions, production bonuses and on-call pay are included. Excluded is back pay, jury duty pay, overtime pay, severance pay, shift differentials, non-production bonuses and tuition reimbursements.

Salaries over $187,200 are sometimes shown as >$187,200 rather than the actual salary.


Average Salaries

Salary all is the estimated average salary for all workers in this occupation in The United States in 2012. Technically it is the mean annual wage.

Salaries over $187,200 are sometimes shown as >$187,200 rather than the actual salary.


This research was compiled, analyzed, and posted by Emil Barnabas.

The data come from multiple data tables from the US Department of Labor. Blanks in this table represent missing data, some due to confidentiality because of small numbers of workers in an occupation.




Comments, suggestions, and corrections are welcome. WebGuy -at- NcCareerOutlook.com.


Brought to you by educators in the School-to-Work/Careers Section of the Association for Career and Technical Education