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Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics career cluster, in The United States

occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians17-3021.00RICAssociate-0.168,700$40,020$61,980
Aerospace Engineers17-2011.00IRBachelor0.4981,000$65,450$104,810
Agricultural and Food Science Technicians19-4011.00RICAssociate0.721,300$22,410$36,390
Agricultural Engineers17-2021.00IREBachelor0.912,700$44,750$77,370
Animal Scientists19-1011.00IRBachelor1.283,300$34,550$73,400
Anthropologists and Archeologists19-3091.00IAMaster2.076,100$33,330$60,230
Architectural and Civil Drafters17-3011.00RI1,2 year0.3292,700$31,840$50,550
Astronomers19-2011.00IARDoctorate1.12,200$51,270$102,550
Atmospheric and Space Scientists19-2021.00IRBachelor1.069,500$49,120$90,010
Biochemists and Biophysicists19-1021.00IARDoctorate3.0825,100$41,430$89,470
Biological Scientists, all other19-1029.00IRBachelor0.6335,800$41,890$76,220
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Biological Technicians19-4021.00RICAssociate1.3580,200$25,280$42,600
Biologists19-1020.01IR***$40,000$76,630
Biomedical Engineers17-2031.00IRBachelor6.1715,700$52,600$91,200
Cartographers and Photogrammetrists17-1021.00RICBachelor2.2213,800$34,850$61,640
Chemical Engineers17-2041.00IRBachelor0.5930,200$58,830$102,270
Chemical Technicians19-4031.00IRCAssociate0.6761,000$26,220$46,130
Chemists19-2031.00IRCBachelor0.3882,200$41,080$76,870
Civil Engineering Technicians17-3022.00RCIAssociate1.279,000$30,430$49,220
Civil Engineers17-2051.00RICBachelor1.94262,800$51,280$84,140
Computer and Information Research Scientists15-1111.00IRCDoctorate1.8728,200$57,220$103,670
Computer Hardware Engineers17-2061.00IRCBachelor0.970,000$63,970$103,980
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Drafters, all other17-3019.00*1,2 year-0.415,800$28,800$49,050
Economists19-3011.00ICEMaster0.6115,400$51,410$99,480
Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians17-3023.00RIAssociate0.19151,100$34,560$58,070
Electrical and Electronics Drafters17-3012.00RCI1,2 year0.5429,200$34,860$58,490
Electrical Engineers17-2071.00IRBachelor0.7154,000$56,490$91,810
Electro-Mechanical Technicians17-3024.00RICAssociate0.0516,400$33,360$53,480
Electronics Engineers, Except Computer17-2072.00IRBachelor0.49140,000$58,470$95,250
Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, all other17-3029.00RICAssociate0.4770,600$32,060$60,830
Engineers, all other17-2199.00IRBachelor0.66156,500$49,680$93,330
Environmental Engineering Technicians17-3025.00RICAssociate2.4318,800$28,680$49,380
Environmental Engineers17-2081.00IRCBachelor2.1951,400$49,510$85,140
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health19-4091.00IRCAssociate2.3629,600$26,330$44,570
Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health19-2041.00IRCMaster1.8789,400$38,570$68,970
Food Scientists and Technologists19-1012.00IRCBachelor0.813,900$33,900$64,140
Geographers19-3092.00IRAMaster3.541,600$41,910$74,020
Geological and Petroleum Technicians19-4041.00CRIAssociate1.4714,400$26,940$59,880
Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors17-2111.00IRCBachelor1.323,700$45,370$79,760
Historians19-3093.00IMaster1.794,000$27,020$58,240
Hydrologists19-2043.00IRMaster1.787,600$48,450$78,920
Industrial Engineering Technicians17-3026.00IRCAssociate0.4262,500$33,100$53,100
Industrial Engineers17-2112.00ICEBachelor0.64203,900$51,180$82,100
Life Scientists, all other19-1099.00*Bachelor1.1711,600$40,730$74,740
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, all other19-4099.00RICAssociate1.1862,000$24,930$46,130
Marine Engineers and Naval Architects17-2121.00IRBachelor1.755,900$54,260$96,140
Materials Engineers17-2131.00IREBachelor0.8722,300$52,900$87,490
Materials Scientists19-2032.00IRBachelor1.028,700$46,960$89,740
Mathematical Science Occupations, all other15-2099.00*Master1.471,400$31,730$63,250
Mathematical Technicians15-2091.00IRCBachelor0.621,100$29,750$64,220
Mathematicians15-2021.00ICAMaster1.573,100$56,040$101,280
Mechanical Drafters17-3013.00RCI1,2 year1.1167,400$32,690$53,270
Mechanical Engineering Technicians17-3027.00RIAssociate0.3944,900$33,370$53,830
Mechanical Engineers17-2141.00IRCBachelor0.88243,200$52,030$84,770
Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists19-1042.00IRADoctorate3.64100,000$41,340$87,830
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Microbiologists19-1022.00IRDoctorate1.3320,300$39,720$73,250
Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers17-2151.00IREBachelor0.966,400$49,680$91,250
Nuclear Engineers17-2161.00IRCBachelor1.0219,100$68,940$107,140
Nuclear Technicians19-4051.00RCIAssociate1.357,100$42,270$69,720
Petroleum Engineers17-2171.00IRCBachelor1.730,200$75,030$147,470
Physical Scientists, all other19-2099.00IRBachelor0.8530,300$42,260$93,720
Physicists19-2012.00IRDoctorate1.4218,300$57,640$114,150
Political Scientists19-3094.00IASMaster0.795,600$49,290$104,600
Social Science Research Assistants19-4061.00CIAssociate1.529,700$20,600$40,760
Social Scientists and Related Workers, all other19-3099.00ICMaster0.8135,400$46,850$79,560
Statisticians15-2041.00CIMaster1.4125,100$42,220$79,570
occupation SOC code interests minimum education growth outlook current workers salary entry salary all
Surveyors17-1022.00RCIBachelor2.5451,200$32,190$59,180
Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists19-1023.00IRBachelor0.7419,800$37,100$62,500

* data not available



Footnotes


SOC Codes

Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system classifies all careers and assigns a unique number to each. This SOC number can be used to follow up with other career databases.


Career Interests

Interests are the likes and dislikes of people who work in each career. Matching your interests can help you find a career that will be more satisfying and rewarding for you than occupations that do not meet your interests. Knowing your work interests can help you decide what kinds of jobs and careers you want to explore.

People and work environments can be classified into these six different groups:

Take an Career Interest Assessment to discover your interests.


Minimum Postsecondary Education Required

Minimum education is the usual minimum level of postsecondary (after high school) education required for each career.

Some careers have on-the-job training (OJT), which means that you go straight to the job and learn while you work.

Some careers require further education after high school before starting the career.


Growth Outlook

Growth outlook is the projected growth of the number of career openings per year from 2010 to 2020. High growth means that the number of openings are increasing, so the likelihood of getting a job in this career is good. Low growth means that there may not be any openings, so the likelihood of getting a job in this career is not very good.

White background indicates that growth outlook information is not available.


Number of Current Workers

Current workers is the number of people in The United States in 2010 who were full-time and part-time employees, workers on paid vacation or other type of paid leave, workers assigned temporarily to other units and paid owners, officers and staff of incorporated firms. This excludes proprietors, owners and partners of unincorporated firms, unpaid family workers, workers on unpaid leave and contractors and temporary agency employees not on the company payroll.


Average Entry-Level Salaries

Salary entry is the estimated average salary for all entry-level (first-year) workers in this occupation in The United States in 2012. Technically it is the annual 10th percentile wage.

Salary includes straight time, gross pay, exclusive of premium pay. Base rate, cost-of-living allowances, tips, guaranteed pay, hazardous-duty pay, incentive pay, commissions, production bonuses and on-call pay are included. Excluded is back pay, jury duty pay, overtime pay, severance pay, shift differentials, non-production bonuses and tuition reimbursements.

Salaries over $187,200 are sometimes shown as >$187,200 rather than the actual salary.


Average Salaries

Salary all is the estimated average salary for all workers in this occupation in The United States in 2012. Technically it is the mean annual wage.

Salaries over $187,200 are sometimes shown as >$187,200 rather than the actual salary.


This research was compiled, analyzed, and posted by Emil Barnabas.

The data come from multiple data tables from the US Department of Labor. Blanks in this table represent missing data, some due to confidentiality because of small numbers of workers in an occupation.




Comments, suggestions, and corrections are welcome. WebGuy -at- NcCareerOutlook.com.


Brought to you by educators in the School-to-Work/Careers Section of the Association for Career and Technical Education